There are times when people get sick after consuming food items, which is often referred to as food poisoning. The food gets contaminated with bacteria and other pathogens when it comes into air exposure.

Several types of food poisoning show considerable signs of stomach cramps, vomiting, temporary diarrhea, etc. Meanwhile, other symptoms of food poisoning can be lethal and are mainly found in children and adults.

Health experts have documented as many as 250 variants of food poisoning. But the most common stomach flu is listeria, coli, norovirus, salmonella, etc. Other illnesses that can be transferred from food handling or consumption are campylobacter, botulism, shigella, vibrio, etc.

This article provides an overview of a few varieties of food poisoning and how they are transferred. Quickly read through.

Different Kinds of Food Poisoning to Know and Avoid

Consuming food served in less-than-sterile conditions can lead to severe food poisoning. Here we have listed various causes that promote gastrointestinal upset. Let’s get started.

  • Cholera

Cholera promotes lots of miseries, diarrheas, and no love! One can transfer this from undercooked seafood and contaminated water.

  • Campylobacter Enteritis

This bacterial infection can cause severe stomach upset, lasting for around two weeks or more. It can be transferred by processed meat, undercooked vegetables, raw milk, and water. Even pets can eliminate these bacteria through their stool.

  • Ciguatera or Fish Poisoning

This kind of food poisoning is caused by consuming fish contaminated by coral algae toxins. It is mainly limited to the fish that belong of tropical origin. It can lead to multiple sclerosis and heart failure after being affected by these bacteria.

  • E. Coli Enteritis

E. Coli Enteritis is considered the black sheep of food poisoning. The strains of this variant are widely found in vegetables and ground beef items that are unclean.

  • Staphylococcus

This food poisoning usually occurs during any party, gathering, or picnic. The bacteria release toxins from all the food present at room temperature. In other words, this type of bacteria inhibits any leftover food left uncovered. And reheating the food will also not help eliminate the bacteria contents within.

  • Listeria

Listeria infection or better known as listeriosis can be asymptomatic yet severe. These are mainly contaminated by dairy products that are raw and improperly pasteurized. Besides, it can also live in the soil, thereby infecting the vegetables. It can also contaminate smoked and preserved meats, raw, canned seafood, fresh fruits, etc.

  • Shigellosis

This bacteria variant is similar yet very different to salmonella, which attacks the large intestine. It loves to reside on human waste, thereby spreading food-borne illnesses. Flies that sit on those wastes extract those bacteria and transfer them into food items. And from there, it is directly attributed to contact.

  • Salmonella

This variant of food poisoning is caused by the salmonellosis bacteria, which induces salmonella poisoning. Poultry eggs, chickens, and other forms of raw meat spread these bacteria through food.

Sometimes, this is also carried by rodents and pet reptiles that transfer the bacteria to the food items by licking. So, it is always recommended to wash any food item before cooking or consuming it.

To Conclude

Food poisoning can occur to us all, irrespective of age. It is recommended to avoid consuming food that has been kept under exposure to air. Flies and microbes have greater chances of sitting on them, thereby contaminating the food.

If you or your loved one is suffering from food poisoning make sure you seek medical help at the earliest. You can always get in touch with the best physicians at Apollo Hospitals.