It is calciumis one of the vital minerals required for proper working of your body. In addition, it is an important nutritional elementfor the development and maintaining healthy teeth and bones and blood circulation, as well as muscles contraction, and for sending nerve signalsfrom to the cerebrumto other areas within the human body.
It is essential to take into consideration it is the fact that human bodies is able to control precisely the quantity of calcium present in cells as well as in the bloodstream, in order to ensure optimal levels of this mineral.
So, as per the United States National Institute of Health for maintaining healthy levels of the body, it is recommended to consume a minimum amount of between. 000 mg and 1. 500 mg calcium. Every day.
However, both an overabundance or deficiency of this nutrient within the blood can cause a variety of harms to the body’s health. In this way, hypocalcemiaarises when the levels of calcium in blood are low, whereas hypercalcemia is caused when the levels for this mineral become too high.
What are the causes of hypocalcemia?
The primary reason for being unable to absorb enough calciumin the body is because the majority of this nutrient gets lost via urine or the calcium does not circulate in the correct amount through the bloodstream to bones.
Since ‘ The Health Mapfre included other kinds of triggers that can result in the development of hypocalcemia:
- Vitamin D deficiency.
- Insufficiency of the renal system.
- Insufficient parathyroid hormone levels or the absence of parathyroid glands from the time of birth.
The magnesium content is low.Insufficient intake of food items rich in calcium.Intaking certain medicines like rifampicin, anticonvulsants like calcitonin, chloroquine and corticosteroids.
So the presence of low levels of calciumfor for a prolonged period of time may result in serious adverse effects on health. In this regard the skin begins to become dry and flaky. Nails break more easily, and the likelihood of muscle cramps is increased.
Furthermore, hypocalcemia impacts brain health, and can cause symptoms of confusion, forgetfulness and delirium. It can also cause anxiety, depression, and depression. But, experts say that these symptoms go away after normal calcium levels are restored.
Effects of high calcium levels
In the event that the amount of calcium into bloodstream is greater than the excretion of this mineral, a condition called hypercalcemia can be observed. The most prevalent causes for the condition are malignancy and primary hyperthyroidism.
However, the elevated concentrations of calciumcan also be due to an increase the levels of vitamin D. Furthermore that the cells of various tumors can boost the calcium concentration in blood.
Similar to this, in certain bone diseases, like Paget’s Disease, there is the possibility of an upsurge in concentrations of calcium throughout the body. It is because in this condition, the bone gets destroyed , which causes the release of calcium into the blood.
A few mild signs of the presence of high levels of blood calcium include abdominal pain, a loss of appetite, constipation nausea, vomiting, and an increase in urine output. Furthermore, if hypercalcemiais severe , it could result in arrhythmias, muscle weakness and delirium, as well as brain dysfunction.