The movement or shifting of the community from one living place to another city because of their better living is called migration, and the people are referred to as the migrants. In 2019 around 677,000 moved to the UK as migrants. Everybody had their reasons at that time, among which there were 49000 asylum applicants. Comparatively to other European countries, London has a smaller number of asylum people. One hundred sixty-five thousand apply for refugee status. In Germany, 129,000 people apply for refugee and 118,000 people in Spain. Among 40,000 people who have crossed the border in 2020 to seek asylum in the UK. At the time of migration, many boats are also attacked by the French authorities till they reach the British water. So many lives are even lost during this process of migration.

Immigration solicitors UK also helps people in the process of migration so that they can get assured regarding their departure to the UK.

Migration has taken place throughout the history of humanity for many years. People have been migrating from their homes for centuries for different reasons. Long ago, nomadic tribes journeyed in search of new pastures for their livestock, new places to hunt, and fishing. Once people start migrating, they look for more fertile lands and build new settlements. Even nowadays, migration takes place all over the globe. It is the process that takes place when an individual or group lives in one country intending to settle permanently in another country. Now let us further discuss the reason why migrants travel to the UK.

Some Reasons Regarding Why Migrants Travel to the UK

Below mentioned are a few reasons why migrants travel to the UK:

  • Uneconomical country
  • Poverty 
  • Environmental factors 
  • Personal needs 
  • Education
  • Sexual identity

Uneconomical Country

Tax development and Human development in different parts of the world are very unbalance. This gap is widening rapidly. The root issue of these economic and political causes is beyond the scope.

The foremost reason for migration is the economy of the country. Many people travel to Uk because it is one of the economic states and they can get a job easily there. It is very difficult for people to live their lives and fulfil their needs.


Nowadays, the main reason for migration is poverty. Uk is famous as the most economical country in the world. For this reason, many people travel to Uk. People cannot survive with less salary in a very economical area. Many people migrate due to unemployment and fewer salaries. 

Migration is a cause of chronic poverty for those who migrate and also for others who are left behind. Not all the poor have the right to emigrate. As not everyone is mobile in the same way for various reasons because migrating to another country is not an easy task. It takes a lot of courage. Those who are left behind are just as nervous in the process of migration, and they are not able to take risks.

Environmental Factors

Climate change and disasters have always been major causes of migration. The climate change forecasts for the 21st century show that more and more people are expect to move as extreme weather-related events, such as floods, droughts and hurricanes, are becoming more frequent and severe. Moreover, changes in rainfall and temperature patterns can affect livelihoods and human security. Climate migration also comes under the category of environmental factors. Climate change is cause by changes in climatic change or factors. 

Personal Needs

A particular person needs to make the final choice of migration or stay. Access to education and financial resources are their basic rights. Other factors such as ethnic and social customs are also very significant. The desire to migrate is a significant key factor that communicates with other external migration causes so that the final decision on migration can made.

Necessities are very significant for every individual. That is why people need to decide on migrations quickly and should keep this their priority.


One final note should be dedicate to the educational level of the refugees. International migrants are often consider illiterate and poor people living in remote rural areas. This stereotype is not true at all. In most instances for both economic and forced migrants, migrants in search of a better future usually have more clear initiative, attitude and courage than the average person, requiring long-distance travel planning and financial support with some skills and financial resources as It is a matter of international migration.

Furthermore, people from families or communities who have already experience a positive impact in recent years tend to migrate because their overseas travel is seen as a potential benefit to real society. 

Sexual Identity

Many countries have a policy of substantial restrictions on sexual identity, and LTGB people (gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender face psychological and even physical violence, which is why they hide their sexual identity. 

The effects of such policies on international migration have been the subject of some recent research. The UK welcomes people with altered sexual identities rather than de-motivating them and making them subject to physical violence.

Sexual identity is also the main reason for migration because many countries do not accept people who fault their sexual identity.

Final Words

Migration is as old as mankind. People have always moved in search of better living conditions for themselves and their loved ones or to avoid dramatic situations in their homeland. The main causes of migration include economic, environmental, social and political factors that lead the individual to move out of the country and towards his destination. 

Finally, the flow of migration is now a structural trend that is likely to continue for many to come. While many migrants from low-income countries aim to reach more affluent parts of the world. It should be note that similar or larger people from lower-income countries in the same geographical area Migration takes place in countries.

Migration is often the result of a complex combination of macro, meso and micro factors, first at the level of society and later at the family or individual level. The spread of one element over another is unexpect.