Injuries are an unfortunate part of sports. The best way to actually prevent injuries is to follow the rules of the game and to play fair – as well as not overdoing it in terms of your body and overexertion. However, even if you do everything right, accidents can still happen. When they do, it’s important to know what to do next. They can range from minor to career-ending, and they can occur in any sport.
With that in mind, the following article will discuss some of the most common sports injuries and how to deal with them.
One of the very most common sports injuries is a sprain. A sprain is damage to a ligament – a band of fibrous tissue connecting two bones. Sprains can occur in any particular part of the body but are most common in the ankle and knee. Symptoms of a usual sprain include pain, swelling, and bruising. Treatment for a sprain usually includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Physical therapy may also be needed to help regain strength and range of motion.
Another common sports injury is a strain. A ‘strain’ means damage to a muscle or tendon. It can happen anywhere in the body, though it is most common in the hamstring, calf, and shoulder muscles. Symptoms of a strain include pain, swelling, and stiffness. Treatment for a strain includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Physical therapy might also be necessary to regain strength and range of motion.
Spinal cord injury
A spinal cord injury is a serious and potentially life-altering injury. It occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord, which is the most important bundle of nerves that runs from the brain down the spine. Symptoms of a spinal cord injury can include paralysis, loss of sensation, and loss of bowel or bladder control. Treatment for a spinal cord injury may include emergency medical treatment and rehabilitation. You must always see a doctor immediately if you think you have suffered a spinal cord injury. There are treatment options, but the sooner you receive treatment, the better your chances are for recovery.
A dislocation occurs when a bone is forced out of its normal position in the joint. It can happen in any joint but is most common in the shoulder, elbow, and knee. Symptoms of dislocation include pain, swelling, and deformity. Treatment for a dislocation includes realigning the bone and immobilizing the joint. Surgery may also be necessary. Remember that a dislocated bone can damage the surrounding tissues, so it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Another type of injury that is common in sports is a concussion. A concussion is a type of brain injury occurring when the head hits something hard or when an object pierces the skull. Concussions are common in particular contact sports such as football and hockey. Symptoms of a concussion include confusion, dizziness, headache, nausea, and vomiting. There is no specific treatment for concussions besides rest and time for the brain to heal. It is important to allow enough time for recovery before returning to play; concussion symptoms can sometimes take weeks or even months to disappear completely.
Sports injuries can be frustrating and debilitating. However, by following the RICE protocol and seeking appropriate medical treatment when necessary, most sports injuries can be treated effectively, and you can return to your sport as soon as possible. If you do need to see a doctor or physical therapist, there are treatments out there.